Tashtun is a village in the Meghri community of Syunik region, Armenia. The word “Tashtun” means a ‘dacha’ or countryside home in the local dialect. Another explanation for the name is that ‘’tasht’’ means ‘’with bread’’ and “tun” means home, referring to a village of hospitable people. According to Stepanos Orbelyan, Tashtoon is mentioned in the list of villages belonging to the Tatev Monastery in the 10th century. Tashtun was also part of the Arevik province of Syunik region. In the late Middle Ages Tashtun was a center of literature and writing. There is a four-story stone basilica in the village, the 17th century St. Stepanos Church. The village is abundant with water, and alpine wonderful nature.
According to the villagers, people who ruined the area often died prematurely because they raised their hands on the house of God. According to a 94-year-old eyewitness, if the church had not been suitable for storing wheat, it would have been destroyed long ago. In the vicinity there are small villages (Romelants and Kildizants) from 14-17th centuries and cemeteries with khachkars (cross-stones) from the 17th-18th centuries.
A considerable part of the gravestones from the cemeteries were used as a building blocks in the Soviet period. The village has a 17th century one-span bridge and a late medieval mill that was repaired in the 20th century and is still in operation today. There are many inscriptions on the church and on the gravestones in the village. According to the locals, the tombstones with inscriptions were for people with lots of livestock and by rich people. Nine tribes of the village are locals, and the rest are immigrants, mostly from the village of Voghji.
Wedding songs have been preserved as well, the most popular of which includes these lyrics:
‘’I will see the girl, and I will get married to her, I don’t care about the girl you saw’’.
There is a beautiful legend in the village that mentions the contact between the Armenian and Iranian people. It is said that there was a custom for the ‘Pahlevans’ or giants of the neighboring Armenian-Iranian people to take part in wrestling matches. One day, Pahlevans came from Iran to visit one of the Armenian houses. During the celebration, one of the Persian giants invited an Armenian man to a fight. And when the Armenian stood up, he stood with his toe on the foot of the Persian pahlevan. The Armenian man was so strong that the leg of the Persian giant was broken. Here the Persian Pahlevans realized that they could not win in this village, so they left.